You don't need to spend a lot of money on new and different mental health therapies when there is one intervention that is guaranteed to work. This "secret" is not found in institutional programs nor is it promoted by mainstream mental health organizations, but it does work.
The institutional program that Chris was enrolled in for two years thought that as an institution it could replicate the secret, but it couldn't. An institution cannot do this. It tried to integrate the young people back into the community by giving them a reason to wake up every day, to interact with people their own age, to not become marginalized and excluded. It encouraged the "patients" to express themselves through art therapy, role playing, music and group therapy. I'm not saying these aren't worthy goals. It's just that this focus misses the real problem.
What it failed to grasp is that the constructs surrounding the defense mechanism of the individual are the result of the individual interacting with the familial environment, not the result of a biological disease nor of the schools he went or friends he has known. He is the way he is because of who he is is in relation to us. Exploring the different therapies that I have written about on this blog has made me understand the importance of emotional vibration. Emotional vibration begins in the womb.
So, the secret is very simple. The family (mother, father, close relatives) needs to accept the person as he or she is, not exclude him or her, value the person, empathize, sympathize, understand their own involvement in why this has happened, take steps to change, and give it time.